Naval Research Laboratory
Only U.S. citizens will be considered for positions at NRL. NRL will not accept Permanent Residents or Dual Citizens as applicants for the NREIP.
The US Naval Research Laboratory provides the advanced scientific capabilities required to bolster our country’s position of global naval leadership. Here, in an environment where the nation’s best scientists and engineers are inspired to pursue their passion, everyone is focused on research that yields immediate and long-range applications in the defense of the United States.
As corporate research laboratory of the Navy, the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) conducts a broadly based multidisciplinary program of scientific research in advanced technological development, techniques, systems, and related operational procedures. NRL is one of the largest scientific institutions within the US government. Established in 1923, NRL still occupies its original site on the Potomac River in Washington DC. Additional facilities are located at Stennis Space Center, MS; Monterey, CA; and other support facilities and field-experiment sites throughout Maryland and Virginia. NRL has a continuing need for scientists and engineers in many fields of research.
RADAR DIVISION – Code 5300
The Radar Division conducts research on basic physical phenomena of importance to radar and related sensors, investigates new engineering techniques applicable to radar, demonstrates the feasibility of new radar concepts and systems, performs related systems analyses and evaluation of radar, and provides special consultative services. The emphasis is on new and advanced concepts and technology in radar and related sensors that are applicable to enhancing the Navy’s ability to fulfill its mission.
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY DIVISION – Code 5500
The Information Technology Division conducts basic research, exploratory development, and advanced technology demonstrations in the collection, transmission, processing, presentation, and distribution of information to provide information superiority and distributed networked force capabilities that improve Naval operations across all mission areas. The Division provides immediate solutions to current operational needs as required while developing those technologies necessary to implement the Navy after next.
OPTICAL SCIENCES DIVISION – Code 5600
The Optical Sciences Division carries out a variety of research, development, and application-oriented activities in the generation, propagation, detection, and use of radiation in the wavelength region between near-ultraviolet and far-infrared wavelengths. The research, both theoretical and experimental, is concerned with discovering and understanding the basic physical principles and mechanisms involved in optical devices, materials, and phenomena. The development effort is aimed at extending this understanding in the direction of device engineering and advanced operational techniques. The applications activities include systems analysis, prototype system development, and exploitation of R&D results for the solution of optically related military problems. In addition to its internal program activities, the Division serves NRL specifically and the Navy generally as a consulting body of experts in optical sciences. The work in the Division includes studies in quantum optics, laser physics, optical waveguide technologies, laser–matter interactions, atmospheric propagation, holography, optical data processing, fiber-optic sensor systems, optical systems, optical materials, radiation damage studies, IR surveillance and missile seeker technologies, IR signature measurements, and optical diagnostic techniques. A portion of the effort is devoted to developing, analyzing, and using special optical materials.
LABORATORIES FOR COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS AND FLUID DYNAMICS – Code 6040
The Laboratories for Computational Physics and Fluid Dynamics (LCP&FD) are responsible for the research leading to and the application of advanced analytical and numerical capabilities that are relevant to NRL, Navy, Department of Defense, and other Government agencies. This research is pursued in the fields of compressible and incompressible fluid dynamics, reactive flows, fluid/structure interactions including submarine and aerospace applications, atmospheric and solar geophysics, magnetoplasma dynamics, application of parallel processing to large-scale problems such as unsteady flows of contaminants in and around cities, advanced propulsion concepts, flame dynamics for shipboard fire safety, jet noise reduction, and other disciplines of continuum computational physics as required to further the overall mission of NRL. The specific objectives of the LCP&FD are to develop and maintain state-of-the-art analytical and computational capabilities in fluid dynamics and related fields of physics; to establish in-house expertise in parallel processing for large-scale scientific computing; to perform analyses and computational experiments on specific relevant problems using these capabilities; and to transfer this technology to new and ongoing projects through cooperative programs with the research divisions at NRL and elsewhere.
CHEMISTRY DIVISION – Code 6100
The Chemistry Division conducts basic research, applied research, and development studies in the broad fields of chemical/structural diagnostics, reaction rate control, materials chemistry, surface and interface chemistry, corrosion passivation, environmental chemistry, and ship safety/survivability. Specialized programs within these fields include coatings, functional polymers/elastomers, clusters, controlled release of energy, physical and chemical characterization of surfaces, electrochemistry, assembly and properties of nanometer structures, tribology, chemical vapor deposition/etching, atmosphere analysis and control, environmental protection/reclamation, prevention/control of fires, mobility fuels, modeling/simulation, and miniaturized sensors for chemical, biological, trace analysis and data fusion, and explosives.
The Navy Technology Center for Safety and Survivability is part of NRL’s Chemistry Division. To enhance protection of Navy personnel and platforms from damage and injury in peace and wartime, this Center performs research, development, test and evaluation on fire and personnel protection, fuels, chemical defense, submarine atmospheres, and damage control aspects of ship and aircraft survivability; supports Navy and Marine Corps requirements in these areas; and acts as a focus for technology transfer in safety and survivability.
MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIVISION – Code 6300
The Materials Science and Technology Division conducts basic and applied research in functional and structural materials and engages in exploratory and advanced development to generate new Navy technologies and defense capabilities. The Division efforts encompass metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, and biological materials for electrical, magnetic, optical, plasmonic, chemical, mechanical, and energy technologies. Major Division focus areas include fundamental material physics, innovative device design, performance in extreme environments, power and energy, materials informatics, and the interface between materials and biology. These efforts are performed by multidisciplinary teams of materials scientists, physicists, chemists, and engineers working at the atomic, nano, microstructural, mesostructural, and macroscopic scales. The integrated use of new experimental and computational techniques accelerates new scientific understanding and innovative engineering solutions. Advanced materials synthesis, processing, characterization, diagnostic capabilities, performance prediction methods, and life-cycle management methods are developed to further new device design, prototyping, and testing methods.
PLASMA PHYSICS DIVISION – Code 6700
The Plasma Physics Division conducts a broad theoretical and experimental program of basic and applied research in plasma physics, space plasmas, intense electron and ion beams and photon sources, atomic physics, pulsed power sources, laser physics, advanced spectral diagnostics, and nonlinear systems. The effort of the Division is concentrated on a few closely coordinated theoretical and experimental programs. Considerable emphasis is placed on large-scale numerical simulations related to plasma dynamics; ionospheric, magnetospheric, and atmospheric dynamics; nuclear weapons effects; inertial confinement fusion; atomic physics; plasma processing; nonlinear dynamics and chaos; free electron lasers and other advanced radiation sources; advanced accelerator concepts; and atmospheric laser propagation. Areas of experimental interest include laser– plasma, laser–electron beam, and laser–matter interactions, high-energy laser weapons, laser shock hydrodynamics, thermonuclear fusion, electromagnetic wave generation, the generation of intense electron and ion beams, large-area plasma processing sources, electromagnetic launchers, high-frequency microwave processing of ceramic and metallic materials, advanced accelerator development, inductive energy storage, laboratory simulation of space plasma phenomena, high-altitude chemical releases, and in situ and remote sensing space plasma measurements.
ELECTRONICS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIVISION – Code 6800
The Electronics Science and Technology Division conducts programs of basic science and applied research and development in nanoscience and nanotechnology, surface and interface sciences, electronic materials, computational modeling and simulation, power electronics, microwave, millimeter, and sub-millimeter technology, optoelectronics, photovoltaics, and radiation effects. The activities of the Division integrate device research with basic materials investigations and with systems research and development needs.
CENTER FOR BIO/MOLECULAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING – Code 6900
The Center for Bio/Molecular Science and Engineering is using the tools of modern biology, physics, chemistry, and engineering to develop advanced materials and sensors. The long-term research goal is first to gain a fundamental understanding of the relationship between molecular architecture and the function of materials, then apply this knowledge to solve problems for the Navy and Department of Defense community. The key theme is the study of complex bio/ molecular systems with the aim of understanding how “nature” has approached the solution of difficult structural and sensing problems. Technological areas currently being studied include molecular and microstructure design, molecular biology, self-assembly, controlled release and encapsulation, and surface patterning and modification. Much of the research deals with the self-assembly of lipids, proteins, and liquid crystals into complex microstructures for use in advanced material applications, and the harnessing of the recognition functions of proteins and cells for the development of advanced sensors. A highly multidisciplinary staff is required to pursue these research and development programs. The Center provides a stimulating environment for cross-disciplinary programs in the areas of immunology, biochemistry, electrochemistry, inorganic and polymer chemistry, microbiology, microlithography, photochemistry, biophysics, spectroscopy, advanced diagnostics, organic synthesis, and electro-optical engineering.
ACOUSTICS DIVISION – Code 7100
The Acoustics Division conducts basic and applied research addressing the physics of acoustic signal generation, propagation, scatter, and detection with the objective of improving the strategic and tactical capabilities of the Navy and Marine Corps in the ocean and land operational environment. The Division’s scientists and engineers perform collaborative research with scientists affiliated with national and international academic, private, and governmental research organizations. The Division’s research spans classical and quantum physics, signal processing, the impact of fluid dynamics on the ocean sound speed field, the propagation and scatter of acoustic signals in the ocean and land environments, structural and physical acoustics including the development of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and nanotechnology based sensors, and the application of networked unmanned underwater vehicles and associated sensors to the Navy’s antisubmarine warfare, mine countermeasures, and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions.
REMOTE SENSING DIVISION – Code 7200
The Remote Sensing Division conducts a program of basic and applied research aimed at the development of new concepts for sensors and imaging systems for objects and targets on Earth, in the near-Earth environment, and in deep space. The research, both theoretical and experimental, deals with discovering and understanding the basic physical principles and mechanisms that give rise to target and background emission and to absorption and emission by the intervening medium. The accomplishment of this research requires the development of sensor systems technology. This development effort includes active and passive sensor systems to be used for the study and analysis of the physical characteristics of phenomena that give rise to naturally occurring background radiation, such as that caused by Earth’s atmosphere and oceans, as well as human-made or induced phenomena, such as ship/submarine hydrodynamic effects. The research includes theory, laboratory, and field experiments leading to ground-based, airborne, and space-based systems for use in such areas as environmental remote sensing (including improved meteorological support systems for the operational Navy), astrometry, astrophysics, surveillance, and nonacoustic antisubmarine warfare. Special emphasis is given to developing space-based platforms and exploiting existing space systems.
SPACE SCIENCE DIVISION – Code 7600
The Space Science Division conducts a broad-spectrum research, development, test, and evaluation program in solar-terrestrial physics, astrophysics, upper/middle atmospheric science, and astronomy. Division researchers develop instruments to be flown on satellites, sounding rockets, and balloons; specialized ground-based facilities; and mathematical models. Researchers apply these and other capabilities to the study of the atmospheres of the Sun and Earth, including solar activity and its effects on Earth’s ionosphere, upper atmosphere, and middle atmosphere; laboratory astrophysics; and the unique physics and properties of celestial sources. The science is important to orbital tracking, radio communications, and navigation that affect the operation of ships and aircraft; utilization of the near-space and space environment of the Earth; and the fundamental understanding of natural radiation and geophysical phenomena.
SPACE SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT – Code 8100
The Space Systems Development Department (SSDD) is the space and ground support systems research and development organization of NRL’s Naval Center for Space Technology. The primary objective of the SSDD is to develop command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance hardware and software solutions to space, airborne, and ground applications to respond to Navy, Department of Defense, and national mission requirements with improved performance, capacity, reliability, efficiency, and/or life cycle cost. The Department must derive system requirements from the mission, develop architectures in response to these requirements, and design and develop systems, subsystems, equipment, and implementation technologies to achieve the optimized, integrated operational space, airborne, and ground system. These development responsibilities extend across the entire space/airborne/ground spectrum of hardware, software, and advanced technologies, including digital processing and control, analog systems, power, communications, payload command and telemetry, radio frequency, optical, payload, and electromechanical systems, as well as systems engineering.
SPACECRAFT ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT – Code 8200
The Spacecraft Engineering Department (SED) is the focal point for the Navy’s capability to design and build spacecraft. Activities range from concept and feasibility planning to on-orbit initial operational capability for NRL’s space systems. The SED provides spacecraft bus expertise for the Navy and maintains an active in-house capability to develop satellites; manages Navy space programs through engineering support and technical direction; in concert with the Space Systems Development Department, designs, assembles, and tests spacecraft and space experiments, including all aspects of space, launch, and ground support; analyzes and designs structures, mechanisms, and a variety of control systems, including attitude, propulsion, reaction, and thermal; integrates satellite designs, launch vehicles, and satellite-to-boost stages; and functions as a prototype laboratory to ensure that designs can be transferred to industry and incorporated into subsequent satellite hardware builds.
Stennis Space Center, MS
Advancing research OCEANOGRAPHY DIVISION – Code 7300
The Oceanography Division conducts basic and applied research in description and modeling of biological, physical, and dynamical processes in open ocean, regional, and littoral areas; in exploitation of satellite, airborne, and in situ sensors for environmental characterization; and in investigation and application of microbial processes to Navy problems. The oceanographic research is both theoretical and experimental in nature and is focused on understanding and modeling ocean, coastal, and littoral area hydro/thermodynamics, circulation, waves, ice dynamics, air–sea exchange, optics, and small and microscale processes. Analytical methods and algorithms are developed to provide quantitative retrieval of geophysical parameters of Navy interest from state-of-the-art sensor systems. The Division work includes analysis of biological processes that mediate and control optical properties of the oceans, coastal, and littoral regions, and microbially induced corrosion. Transition of Division products to the Department of Defense, Navy systems developers, operational Navy, and civilian (dual use) programs is a primary goal. The Division’s programs are coordinated and interactive with other NRL programs and activities, Office of Naval Research programs, and other government agencies involved in oceanographic activities. The Division also collaborates and cooperates with scientists from the academic community and other U.S. and foreign laboratories.
MARINE GEOSCIENCES DIVISION – Code 7400
The Marine Geosciences Division conducts a multidisciplinary program of scientific research, advanced technology development, and applied research in marine geosciences, geodesy, geospatial information, and related technologies. This includes investigations of basic processes within ocean basins, littoral regions and adjacent land areas, and arctic regions; development of models, sensors, and techniques; and the exploitation of this knowledge and technology to enhance Navy and Marine Corps systems, plans, and operations, and to meet national needs. As the Navy’s subject matter expert in the areas of geospatial information and services (GI&S), the Division provides technical support to the Oceanographer/Navigator of the Navy, Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), and the Tri-Service Community. NRL also contributes to the development of leading-edge geospatial technology by reviewing emerging GI&S standards and products. Division programs are coordinated and interactive with Naval commands and other Department of Defense and national organizations, with transition of Division technology to systems developers and to the operational Navy a primary goal. The Division collaborates with other NRL divisions, the Office of Naval Research (ONR), other government agencies involved in seafloor activities, scientists from the academic community, other U.S. and foreign laboratories, and industry.
MARINE METEOROLOGY DIVISION – Code 7500
The Marine Meteorology Division, located in Monterey, CA, conducts a basic and applied research and development program designed to improve scientific understanding of atmospheric processes that impact Fleet operations and to develop automated systems that analyze, simulate, predict, and interpret the structure and behavior of these processes and their effect on naval weapons systems. Basic and applied research includes work in air–sea interaction, aerosol and cloud physics, atmospheric turbulence, orographically forced flow, atmospheric predictability, scale interactions observation impact, advanced data assimilation, ensemble prediction, tropical dynamics, and numerical methods. Research and development ranges from development of atmospheric analysis/forecast systems and satellite data products to the development of tactical decision aids for operations support. Interdisciplinary research supports the development of coupled analysis/forecast systems, including components for ocean, wave, land surface, aerosol, chemistry, and middle atmosphere prediction. The Division is co-located with the Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC) and has developed and transitioned to FNMOC and other operational centers the data assimilation, global, and mesoscale weather forecast models, aerosol prediction systems, and satellite applications products that form the backbone of the Navy’s worldwide environmental forecasting capability. Specialties of the Division include numerical weather prediction, data assimilation, tropical cyclones, marine boundary layer processes, aerosols, rapid environmental assessment, environmental decision aids, and satellite data analysis, interpretation, and application.